6 infections that come with HIV/AIDS

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HIV

In the year 2017, 940 000 people died from HIV-related causes globally, says WHO. Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is a life-threatening condition caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). This virus damages your immune system and prevent your body to fight against any infection. Recently, Pakistan’s Sindh Province has reported HIV outbreak with around 700 new cases of this condition. To know the exact cause behind the outbreak, WHO has sent its expert team in the area. People with HIV infection experience symptom like fever, rash, headache, sore throat, muscle aches, swollen lymph glands etc. These are the primary signs of infections which can worsen as the virus continues to multiply and damages your immune cells. If left untreated with antiviral medications, HIV can gradually develop into AIDS, which can be diagnosed after the CD4 T cell count falls below 200 in your body. You can get HIV infection through sex with an infected person, blood transfusion, sharing needles, and during delivery or breast-feeding. HIV infection makes you susceptible to various other infections. Read on to know about them.

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Tuberculosis

Tuberculosis: TB is the most common infection associated with HIV and is known as a leading cause of death among people with AIDS.

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Cytomegalovirus

Cytomegalovirus: This common herpes virus is transmitted through body fluids including saliva, blood, urine, semen and breast milk and can cause damage to your eyes, digestive tract, lungs or other organs.

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Candidiasis

Candidiasis: Candidiasis causes inflammation and a thick, white coating on the mucous membranes of your mouth, tongue, esophagus or vagina.

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Cryptococcal meningitis

Cryptococcal meningitis: It is an inflammation of the membranes and fluid surrounding your brain and spinal cord. Cryptococcal meningitis is caused by a fungus found in soil.

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Toxoplasmosis

Toxoplasmosis: It is a life-threatening infection caused by Toxoplasma gondii, a parasite spread primarily by cats. When the infection spreads to the brain, patient experiences seizures.

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Cryptosporidiosis

Cryptosporidiosis: This infection is caused by an intestinal parasite that’s commonly found in animals. You can get it after eating or drinking contaminated food or water.

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